Three Factor Impulsivity Index
Last revised 7/17/2017
Measure Items & Scoring
- 1 = I disagree a LOT
- 2 = I disagree a LITTLE
- 3 = I neither agree nor disagree
- 4 = I agree a LITTLE
- 5 = I agree a LOT
Feelings Trigger Action
Urgency (from Whiteside & Lynam, 2001)
- 1. I have trouble controlling my impulses.
- 2. I have trouble resisting my cravings (for food, cigarettes, etc.).
- 3. I often get involved in things I later wish I could get out of.
- 4. When I feel bad, I will often do things I later regret in order to make myself feel better now.
- 5. Sometimes when I feel bad, I can’t seem to stop what I am doing even though it is making me feel worse.
- 6. When I am upset I often act without thinking.
- 7. When I feel rejected, I will often say things that I later regret.
- 8. It is hard for me to resist acting on my feelings.
- 9. I often make matters worse because I act without thinking when I am upset.
- 10. In the heat of an argument, I will often say things that I later regret.
- 11. I am always able to keep my feelings under control.
- 12. Sometimes I do things on impulse that I later regret.
Positive Urgency (from Cyders et al., 2007)
- 1. Others are shocked or worried about the things I do when I am feeling very excited.
- 2. When overjoyed, I feel like I can’t stop myself from going overboard.
- 3. When I am really excited, I tend not to think of the consequences of my actions.
- 4. I tend to act without thinking when I am really excited.
- 5. When I am really happy, I often find myself in situations that I normally wouldn’t be comfortable with.
- 6. When I am very happy, I feel like it is OK to give in to cravings or overindulge.
- 7. I am surprised at the things I do while in a great mood.
Reflexive Reactions to Feelings (from Carver et al., 2011)
- 1. I generally act on my feelings instantly
- 2. My emotions turn into actions quickly
- 3. When I want something, I take it fast
- 4. When I feel a desire, I act on it immediately
- 5. When I have an emotional reaction to something, I often act without thinking
- 6. I react impulsively to my feelings
- 7. When I feel filled with enthusiasm about something, I charge into motion
Feelings Trigger Action Factor Compute mean of 3 means
Pervasive Influence of Feelings
Generalization (from Carver et al., 1988)
- 1. When even one thing goes wrong I begin to wonder if I can do well at anything at all.
- 2. I hardly ever let unhappiness over one bad time influence my feelings about other parts of my life.
- 3. If I notice one fault of mine, it makes me think about my other faults.
- 4. A single failure can change me from feeling OK to seeing only the bad in myself.
Sadness Paralysis (from Carver et al., 2011)
- 1. When I feel sad, it paralyzes me.
- 2. I respond to feeling sad by just stopping moving
Emotions Color Worldview (from Carver et al., 2011)
- 1. I am easily overwhelmed by feelings I have
- 2. My feelings greatly affect how I see the world
- 3. When I have emotional experiences, they strongly influence how I look at life
Pervasive Influence of Feelings Factor
Compute mean of 3 means
Lack of Follow Through
Perseverance computed as Low Perseverance (from Whiteside & Lynam, 2001)
- 1. I generally like to see things through to the end.
- 2. I tend to give up easily.
- 3. Unfinished tasks really bother me.
- 4. Once I get going on something I hate to stop.
- 5. I concentrate easily.
- 6. I finish what I start.
- 7. I’m pretty good about pacing myself so as to get things done on time.
- 8. I am a productive person who always gets the job done.
- 9. Once I start a project, I almost always finish it.
- 10. There are so many little jobs that need to be done that I sometimes just ignore them all.
Distractibility (from Carver et al., 2011)
- 1. I am easily distracted by stray thoughts
- 2. It’s hard for me to do long projects because so many thoughts enter my mind.
- 3. When I’m doing schoolwork, I tend to daydream
- 4. My mind wanders when I’m working on something that’s tedious or difficult
- 5. It’s easy for me to retain a clear focus on my work, even when I have other things on my mind
- 6. It can be hard for me to carry out my intentions because I get sidetracked by my thoughts
- 7. I often slip into a new train of thought when I’m in the middle of something
- 8. It’s hard for me to keep my mind from wandering
- 9. Thoughts come so thick and fast that I have trouble doing only one thing
Lack of Follow Through Factor
Compute mean of 2 means
Note: These instructions place responses to each scale on the same metric (the item-response scale). Essentially the same result would be obtained by summing responses for each scale and converting the sums to z scores, then averaging the z scores across factors.
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